Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) writing in his book “Leviathan”, emphasized the natural rights of individuals, that all men are naturally created equal, and that all political power should come from the people. These key principles are embedded in the United States Constitution. Hobbes, using the concept of “social contract” developed by Plato, posited that government should only exist to serve the will of the people, who are indeed the true source of all political power. The people can choose to give or withhold this power. The idea of a social contract is at the foundation of the American political system. Hobbes believed that once power is given to the state by the people, the people relinquishes any right to that power. This last belief is at odds with the U.S. Constitution.
Patrick Henry (1736-1799) was an anti-Federalist who promoted limited government. He had a small but very important influence on the U.S. Constitution. He objected to the draft Constitution because it did not contain any freedoms or rights for individuals. This push for the inclusion of the Bill of Rights modeled on the Bill of Rights which he successful included in Virginia’s Constitution, eventually came to pass. The Bill of Rights has served to preserve the freedom of the American people as a counter measure to an ever-increasing Federal government. He felt that the three branches of government will compete for more power, resulting in an overpowering Federal government. He opposed the new Constitution because he feared the States would be crushed by the new powerful government. He felt the Executive Branch was given too much power, particularly since the President was put in charge of the army (Commander-in-Chief) and could conceivably take over by military force. During the June