The Role of Mental Health in Reproduction and Women’s Mental Health Mental health as a component of reproductive health has generally been – and still is – inconspicuous

The Role of Mental Health in Reproduction and Women’s Mental Health
Mental health as a component of reproductive health has generally been – and still is – inconspicuous, peripheral and marginal. The lack of attention it has received is unfortunate, given the significant contributions of both mental health and reproductive health to the global burden of disease and disability.
Mental health problems may develop as a consequence of reproductive health problems or events. These include lack of choice in reproductive decisions, unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion, sexually transmissible infections including HIV, infertility and pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth or fistula. Mental health is closely interwoven with physical health. It is generally worse when physical health including nutritional status is poor. Depression after childbirth is associated with maternal physical morbidity, including persistent unhealed abdominal or perineal wounds and incontinence.