Replication

Replication, which is the reproducing of an existing study. Obtaining similiter results from a repeated study is an essential feature of scientific researches (Zwaan et al. 2018). Replication determines whether a finding is a single observation or an evidential scientific discovery (Zwaan et al. 2018). It was also pointed out by Zwaan et al. that “a scientific discovery requires both a consistent effect and a comprehensive description of the procedure used to produce that result in the first place.” The report of the research should also have a detailed methodology so that the procedures can be replicated by others. Concerns about replications have arisen since the publication of the research data of 100 replication experiments in journal Science in 2015. 100 experiments were done to determine whether that some of the most successful psychology experiment’s results can be successfully replicated. Statistically significant p values below .05 were reported from 97% of the original studies. However, only 36% of the replication studies found statistically significant results (p ; .05) (Open Science Collaboration, 2015).