Hello Mariam, and thank you for the question. Health psychology first emerged in the late 1960s and was made into a division, Health Psychology Division 38, by the American Psychological Association (APA), in 1976 (Stone & et.al. 1987). All walks of professionals from the fields of psychology, medicine, nursing, and social work, all embrace health psychology. From this new branch of psychology, it gave birth to a new era of psychologists, known as Health Psychologists. Health psychology follows the Bio-psychosocial Model and will observe how biological, psychological, and social factors influence the health of individuals. Health psychology seeks to understand how bio-psychosocial factors will cause diseases to progress as well as contribute to the etiology of diseases. Health psychology will look at topics such as research and what studies are conducting inquiries about the significance of preventive healthcare measures, and how individuals participate in preventive healthcare. Health psychology also will study the clinical modality in looking at how preventative services such as stress management, health education, and other relaxation therapies, can decrease the risk for acquiring future illnesses such as Type 2 Diabetes, and how these preventative services can cause present diseases to dissipate or go into remission. Health psychology also focuses on health promotions in developing campaign programs that support healthy behaviors, for example, stop smoking, to wear a helmet while riding a bicycle, to name a few.
Please reach back out to me if more information or clarification is needed. Thank you,
Dr. Ethel Perry