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Having a balanced diet is essential for a person’s overall health and wellbeing. It provides your body with the vital nutrients it needs to build and maintain healthy cells, tissues and organs, which are crucial for proper growth and development. A healthy balanced diet should include a variety of foods, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, nuts, whole grains, meats, fish, unsaturated oils and low fat dairy foods. It should not include processed and refined foods, as they are not good for your health.Processed and refined foods are usually full of saturated fats, sugar and calories, which can cause weight gain. When you consume more calories than your body can use for energy, it stores it in fat cells. A Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion article published in April 2012 noted that strong and consistent evidence indicates adults and children who eat fast food are at increased risk for weight gain, especially if fast food is eaten more than once a week.
Eating a balanced diet can help protect you from certain diseases. It can help regulate your blood cholesterol levels, for example, and provide antioxidants, which help protect your cells from damage by unstable molecules known as free radicals. An article published in “Nursing Times” noted that combining a healthy diet with an active lifestyle has huge health benefits and helps reduce the risk of health conditions such as cancer and heart disease.
Scientists have also recognized that people who are malnourished are more vulnerable to infectious diseases. A balanced diet is full of the vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that strengthen your immune system. An article published in “The British Journal of Nutrition” noted that consuming adequate nutrients is an important contributing factor in strengthening and maintaining your immune system, while not eating sufficient nutrients could impair and suppress immune system functions.Omega-3 fatty acids, which are abundant in nutrient-rich foods such as fish and nuts, are important for transmitting signals from your eyes to your brain. They also affect people’s moods and can improve depression.
An article published in “Nutrition and Health” noted dietary factors influence brain function everyday. It also said that consuming a diet high in saturated fat decreases learning and memory, while diets supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin E or the curry spice curcumin help brain function.