Hammurabi was a king who ruled in Babylon for 42 years from 1792 – 1750 BCE. During his reign, Hammurabi took 282 laws from the other civilizations and had them written on steles and placed around the land. These laws collectively are known as Hammurabi’s Code. One question that is highly debated among archeologists is this: was Hammurabi’s Code just?
To answer this question, we are first going to have to look at the laws themselves. Hammurabi’s Code is split into three different categories of laws: family laws, property laws, and personal injury laws.
Let’s look at the family laws first. One of the first family laws listed is that if a married woman caught in an affair with another man they shall both be tied up and drowned. I think that this law is very cruel and uncalled for. Another cruel law is that if a son hits his father his hands shall be cut off. While I do think that this is disrespectful, I do not think this warrants the amputation of his hands.