Exercise physiology Touch football is a sport that originates out of rugby league that in the mid 1900s was used as a training drill

Exercise physiology
Touch football is a sport that originates out of rugby league that in the mid 1900s was used as a training drill. It has since become its own sport and officially became its own sport on 13th of July 1968 the south Sydney touch football club was formed and in 1972 the New South Wales Touch Association was formed catering for six affiliated associations and approximately 1500 registered players. Touch football is an extremely dynamic sport that requires lots of different fitness requirements depending on position and a lot of different skill depending on position. The different movement patterns that are involved in a full game of touch football can vary drastically between the positions. The different components of fitness for the position of centre are very exact as they are essential for touch football. For the purpose of testing these different components of fitness I’ll be creating a class fitness testing battery. The interplay of energy systems is hugely important and is noticeable in different situations of the game. (Harris, M. (2018).)
Game Analysis
During the game of touch rugby each position must be extremely fit if you want to play at an elite level. Although there are some differences in movements with the positions centre and winger. Centres have a lot of aerobic movement and little explosive ATP-CP movements whereas wingers have a lot more time where they stand still and wait for the ball but when they get it they are extremely explosive in their movements. The centre needs to have good ball skills and needs to have a high work rate as they need to be constantly moving and looking for gaps to get their teammates into. Wingers have different rolls as they need to have good anticipation to time there runs and pick holes in the defence they also must have straighter quick runs whereas Centres must do more steps and side to side movement. The cardiovascular endurance varies a lot through the positions as the centres require it a lot more then the wingers whereas wingers have more physical endurance with the quick cuts that are made on defence the centres need to control the middle and make sure there are no gaps and try to make sure the opposition doesn’t make to much ground. Although wingers don’t do as much on defence their role is still important as they need to be sliding and making sure the team has no gaps and making sure there are no wingers on the outside of him.

Fitness Components and Fitness Testing
In touch football there is a variety of different important components of fitness that range from muscular endurance to strength and power. In touch football muscular endurance is hugely important as the amount of aerobic running is immense and having muscular endurance is key to be an elite player. You also need a high aerobic capacity because of all the running you need to do along with this you also need strength and agility for all the dynamic movements the professionals make. (Year 12 PE (Touch Football). (2018).)
Fitness test Fitness component being test Improved test
Sit and reach Flexibility Ladder runs
Illinois agility run Speed No improvement
30m sprint Agility No improvement
Sit ups Local muscular endurance Sled sprint
Push ups Local muscular endurance Tall falls
Standing long jump Power Shuttle runs
Standing vertical jump Power Cone reaction test
20m beep test Aerobic power No improvement

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The class fitness testing battery had a lot of different fitness tests involved some were necessary for a centre in touch football however on the other hand some were very unnecessary and have no relevance in testing a centre in touch football. A few of the good fitness tests were the Illinois agility test, the beep test, also the sit up and push up test. The Illinois agility test and the beep test are essential for the centre position in touch football as having endurance is there main fitness component and the agility run is also huge because in touch football they need to find gaps through using their agility. The sit up test and the push up test are alright but they can be improve although as they do test the power and strength of the athletes but there are better tests then these tests could be changed for the better and instead the class could have done sled sprints which test your speed and power or tall falls which when you let yourself fall until you are at 45° then you start running which helps test your reaction speed and agility which is essential for touch football. Although we did some good fitness tests for touch football we also did some awful ones like standing vertical jump test, the standing long jump test, and the sitting reach test. All of these are horrible fitness test for a centre in touch football as in touch football there is very rarely much jumping and the flexibility of players don’t mean very much. Some improvements of these are the cone reaction test, shuttle runs and ladders runs.

Energy system requirement
The three energy systems are all predominant and at use during touch football but at different times for example the aerobic system is more predominant for most of the match for a centre as they need to be on the ball for the majority of the time. There are other times in the match where the aerobic system is in play like when you are resting the bench to replenish your other energy systems. For wingers more so then centres they use they’re anaerobic systems as their dominant energy system which is why they require so many substitutions during play. During the game there are lots of moments for wingers that they must make quick dynamic moves where they use ATP-CP energy system and the anaerobic system. The interplay of the energy systems can vary hugely in a matter of seconds for centres as they have a more precise movement where they look for wholes and they can dictate the game speed. The aerobic system for centres is seen when they make short passes but when they throw a long skip pass they primarily use anaerobic system which varies with wingers as they rarely pass and when they do it is not often a long pass. (Bartleby.com. (2018).)