CACHE 2 Safeguarding the welfare of children and young people ASSIGNMENT BISMI HASHIM 4/16/2018 This assignment is about safeguarding the welfare of children and young people

CACHE 2
Safeguarding the welfare of children and young people
ASSIGNMENT
BISMI HASHIM
4/16/2018
This assignment is about safeguarding the welfare of children and young people. It covers the important legislation, policies and procedures for keeping children and young people safe. It also includes how to deal with different types of child abuse and the actions that should be taken if there are any concerns that a child or young person has been abused or harmed. The unit also considers some common childhood illnesses and the importance of knowing what to do if children or young people are ill or injured.

Task 1 Identify the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people, including e-safety
Describe the roles of different agencies involved in safeguarding the welfare of children and young people
Task 2 Identify the signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses
Describe the actions to take when children or young people are ill or injured
Identify circumstances when children and young people might require urgent medical attention
Describe the actions to take in response to emergency situations, including:
fires
security incidents
missing children or young people
Task 3 Identify the characteristics of different types of child abuse
Describe the risks and possible consequences for children and young people using the internet, mobile phones and other technologies
Describe actions to take in response to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been abused, harmed (including self harm) or bullied, or may be at risk of harm, abuse or bullying
Describe the actions to take in response to concerns that a colleague may be:
failing to comply with safeguarding procedures
harming, abusing or bullying a child or young person
Describe the principles and boundaries of confidentiality, and when to share information.

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IDENTIFY THE CURRENT LEGISLATION, GUIDELINES, POLICIES, AND PROCEDURES FOR SAFEGUARDING THE WELFARE OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE, INCLUDING ESAFETY.

Safety and protection of the welfare of children and young people is extremely important. It involves more than just protecting children from abuse it also includes promoting their interests, keeping them safe and protecting their rights.

Young children are extremely unaware and rely on adults to meet all their basic needs. This includes providing food and shelter as well as protecting their security and keeping them safe from neglect or harm. Children and young people also need to be supported to develop a strong sense of self-esteem. This helps them to become more productive in making positive decisions to protect themselves. Children who are more confident are less likely to come across abuse. Adults can help children by giving them lots of information to support them to do things for themselves and teaching them how to be positive in life.

The current legislation guidelines policies for the protection of children and young people are as follows:
Children’s act of 2004:
This is the updated version of the children’s act of 1989 to safeguard children and keep them safe from harm in a learning framework. The children s act is an U.K government initiative which was launched in 2004 in relation to the welfare of children. Every child matters covers up to children and adults up to age 19 and people with disability to the age 24.its main aim is to make positive contribution in the society by a multiagency partnership so that children are safe and can enjoy be happy. All professionals must be aware of the contribution they can make on their own to deliver and plan for older and young people accordingly. There is an easy way to remember the five parts is by SHEEP that is as follows:
S safe
H healthy
E enjoys and achieve
E economic
P positive contribution
This is the central goal of every child matters to make sure that everyone works for the best of children.

This is also the legal description which services to work more closely forming a body to serve for the welfare of the children.

Every child matters: change for children
children

ON THIS NOTE IT IS TO BE ADDED ABOUT THE TRAGIC INCIDENT OF VICTORIA CLIMBIE IN FEBRUARY 2000 AN INQUIRY WHICH WAS SETUP POINTED THAT THERE WAS A FAILURE IN THE SYSTEM.LORD LAMING WHO LED THE INQIURY REPORETED THAT THE SERVICES HAD NOT BEEN WORKING TOGETHER.THEREFORE HIS RECOMMENDATION WAS ALSO ADDED TO THE CHIDRENS ACT OF 2004.
http://resources.collins.co.uk/free/{REFRENCE}
Childcare act of 2006:
The child care act of 2006 has been implemented to make sure that all children receive high quality care the need to follow early year’s foundation stage curriculum and all the childcare providers must be inspected by ofsted. The child care provider s includes daycare child minders nursery and schools.

This act also enables for the sufficient care of children of working parents.

The other important addition to these are that to ensure parents can access all the information they need until their child is 20 years of age.

What is ofsted?
Ofsted is the acronym for the office for standards in education children’s services which belongs to the UK government who reports to the parliament. They for see range of educational institutions, including state schools and some independent schools and inspects childcare, adoption and fostering agencies and initial teacher training, and regulates a range of early years and children’s social care services.

Bichard report inquiry was started in 2003; Michael Bichard was to lead it. According to him there should be a system where anyone working with children should be evaluated before working with them. This report was published in 2004. This report was in connection to how someone like Ian Huntley, who was convicted of the Soham murders in 2003, was able to work in a school, and how this could be avoided in the future. Bichard report is a public inquiry into child protection, which was produced after the subsequent media attention around the Soham murdersThe Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act is an
Important parts of a bigger programmed of work. This programmed of work extends across government departments and is designed to solve the failures identified by the 2004 Bichard Inquiry arising from the Soham murders .Recommendation 19 of the Bichard Inquiry
Report says:
‘New arrangements should be introduced requiring those who wish to work with children, or vulnerable adults, to be registered. The register would confirm that there is no known reason why an individual should not work with
These clients.’
In March 2005, the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) – then the Department for Education and Skills – and the Department of Health (DH) proposed that Recommendation 19 should be carried out by developing a central service that would bar unsuitable people from working with children
and/or vulnerable adults. Sir Michael Bichard (author of the Inquiry Report) agreed with this proposal.

{THE ABOVE PARAGRAPH IS AN ADAPTATION FROM http://www.southglos.gov.uk/documents/cyp120032.pdf}
IN SHORT THE ACT MAINLY FOCUSES ON THE PART THAT PEOPLE WORKING OR VOLUNTEERING WITH CHILDREN OR ADULTS WHO NEEDS SPECIAL VARE NEEDS TO HAVE A CLEARANCE BEFORE THEIR ENTER INTO THE FIELD. The Act also mainly places on all those working with vulnerable groups to register and undergo background checks.

DISCLOSURE AND BARRING SYSTEM:
DBS IS A UNIT WHICH IS REPONSIBLE FOR processing requests for criminal records checks.

THEY decide whether it is appropriate for a person to be placed on or removed from a barred list
placing or removing people from the DBS children’s barred list and adults’ barred list for England, Wales and Northern Ireland
SURE START:
Sure Start is a government led initiative aimed at giving every child the best possible start in life and which offers services focusing on family health, early years care and education to children aged 0-4.it is more common areas of northern Ireland to support parents from conception to development of children at all stages.

CHIDREN AND YOUNG PERSON ACT 2008:
This act is to ensure the quality of care and support is given to children and young people, and to make improvements in the delivery of services. Its main purpose is to make sure those children and young people who enter the care system to be able to achieve the same aim parents have for their own children.The main points in this act is that
It regulates the delivery of social work services for children (under 18) and young persons (under 25):- It enables local authorities to enter into terms for the provision of some or all of the social services of that authority for children and young people, but not as adoption agencies.- It sees that social work services to substitute for a local authority in the provision of social services to an individual child.- It places a formal duty on the Secretary of State to provide for the wellbeing of children and young persons in England, and such duty extends to activities connected with parenting.
-It relates to accommodation, education and general provision for looked-after children:- It places a duty on the local authority to provide accommodation for the children it looks after, and also to maintain them in other respects. The authority may make arrangements for the child to live with an adequate person or children’s home.- The local authority must also appoint an independent reviewing officer to monitor performance, review the child’s case and ensure the child’s wishes and feelings are taken into consideration.- The local authority has to appoint a representative to visit the child or young person who is looked after.- The local authority may provide advice, guidance, and counselling, and enable visits by the accommodated child’s family when possible.- The governing body of a maintained school must designate a member of the staff as having responsibility for promoting the educational achievement of registered pupils at the school who are being looked after.- The local authority has a duty to pay the relevant amount to a former looked after child who pursues higher education.- The 1989 Children Act is amended to extend the power of local authorities to make payments in cash for children in need and their families.

{EVIDENCE ABOVE IS ADAPTED AND MODIFIED FROM https://www.perfar.eu/policies/children-and-young-persons-act-2008}
CHILDRENS AND FAMILIES ACT 2014
The Children and Families Act 2014 IS to improve services for unprotected children and support families. It states wider policies to ensure that all children and young people can have a passion in life , no matter where they are from.

The changes to the law to give greater protection to unsafe children,
Better support for children, whose parents are separating,
A new system to help children with special educational needs and disabilities,
And help for parents to work to balance it with family.

It also make into consideration that changes to the adoption system can be put into practice, meaning more children who need loving homes are placed into foster care. Policies for children in care are implemented including giving them the choice to stay with their foster families until their 21st birthday.

The above details are adapted and modified from
https://find.redbridge.gov.uk/kb5/redbridge/fsd/advice.page?id=cWf4nWZ-xSMWORKING TOGETHER TO SAFEGUARD CHILDREN 2015:
On the 26th March 2015, the government published ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015’. This is a revised version of the previous guidance from 2013. This makes it clear that safeguarding and child protection guidance is to all schools and colleges,adult services, the police, academy trusts, education, youth justice services and the voluntary and community sector who have contact with children and families”.

The guidance reminds all people and professionals that come into contact with children and young people of these matters:
safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility, the services to be effective each professional and community should play their full part with in mind to have a child-centered approach for services to be effective they should be based on a clear understanding of the needs and views of children. The main motto of everyone is that all children must have a best outcome in the best possible way. No children must be treated differently or any form of maltreatment must be noted to the local authorities.

Young care’s assessments must reach a view on whether any care tasks are excessive .Organizations’ need clear whistle blowing procedures in line with interest of children. Any incident must be recorded with ofsted and LSCB.

LSCB IS THE LOCAL SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN BOARD TO OVERSEE THE WORK OF OTHER AGENCIES WITH SERIES EXPERTS FROM CHILCARE SETTING.

THE ABOVE DETAILS ARE ADAPTED AND MODIFIED:
https://www.safeguardinginschools.co.uk/working-together-to-safeguard-children-2015E SAFETY:
THE U.K council for child internet safety was launched in 2008 in response to concerns about internet safety. Its role is to protect children and young people from unsuitable sites and promote awareness to this issue.

Children and young people are particularly need attention from some forms of technology, which can present a threat to their safety and welfare. The internet is a powerful tool, but it can also expose children and young people to unsuitable sites and potentially harmful material. Young people need to be aware of the possible dangers from using the internet, including social networking sites.

Many children and young people have access to the use of a mobile phone, and the benefits. However, mobile phones can also be an instrument for cyber-bullying, and this has caused a great deal of distress for many young people and their parents.

The above furnished details are modified from
http://resources.collins.co.uk/free/DESCRIBE THE ROLES OF DIFFERENT AGENCIES INVOLVED IN SAFEGUARDING THE WELFARE OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE.

All persons in a society and especially within a school have the responsibility to safeguard the welfare of children.

Safeguarding the welfare of children and young people is a compound process, which relies on effective partnership working between different agencies. There may be several different services involved with the family, including health, education, social services and voluntary agencies, each with their own area of responsibility .For example, concerns about the welfare of a 4 year old in nursery might involve the child’s key person, the family health visitor, the GP, the social worker and the family support worker. Concerns about cyber-bullying among teenagers in a secondary school might involve their teachers, mentors, parent support advisor or voluntary worker from an organization like Kidscape.

Social services

Health services
police
Agencies working together for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people.

Educational institutions.

Charitable organizations.

The role of educational institutions in safeguarding children is very vital hence following are the responsibilities of them to protect children,
Schools have to create awareness among children to ensure that they know what is acceptable behavior and unacceptable behavior to them which includes classes regarding cyber bullying.

Schools have the responsibility to protect children who are at risk register.{children who have the risk of particularly being abused.}
they must provide all staffs regarding the safeguarding welfare of children.

They can place security systems and fire walls regarding e safety.

Observe children and report if a child is showing fatigue crying all day or bruises anywhere in the body.

Keep a book recording all the incidents and inform agencies who are involved in child protection.
Childrens social care is a key factor to safeguard the welfare of children in nees of help. For this to be effective parents teachers and social workers must work together. When a child Is at risk they social care takes up responsibilities to decide on the course of action to take. So some instances are as follows,
Carry out assessment of children who are at risk that is whether the ability of parents to meet the child needs.

Conduct interview with teachers, family members and neighbors’.

Take action when a child is in danger.

The police work with social care to initiate protection of children. All police unit have child abuse investigation unit.

Their main goals include,
To start an investigation when a crime has been committed.

Collecting information from social care other agencies to check on child abuse
Attending court to give evidence when a crime has been committed.

Health professionals and GP doctors in emergency departments will be able to accesses children as they may examine injuries which may be non accidental.they need to update social care and legal system when abuse is suspected.

Heath professionals have a responsibility for the health and development of children under the age of 5. Health visitors may often be the first people to identify concerns about a child’s safety, health or welfare.

Residential care workers have a responsibility for children who are living in residential care homes and not with their own families. Children and young people in care are particularly unprotected and residential care workers have a specific duty to safeguard their health and welfare.
A wide range of voluntary organizations and groups may be involved in safeguarding the welfare of children and young people. Some of these include:
THE NATIONAL SOCEITY FOR THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN NSPCC
NSPCC is charitable organizations to protect children from harm. They have a power from law to work along with police and social service. They provide services to support families & children , raise awareness on child abuse through advertising and classes and provides helpline for people who calls when a child is in danger.
Barnardo’s is a British charity founded by Thomas John Barnardo in 1866, to care for vulnerable children and young people. As of 2013, it raised and spent around £200 million each year running around 900 local services, aimed at helping these same groups. It is the UK’s largest children’s charity, in terms of charitable expenditure. Its headquarters are in the London.

Kidscape is an initiative for all children to grow up in a world free from bullying and harm, with adults who keep them safe and help them to reach their full potential.

Their mission is to provide children, families, cares and professionals with advice, training and practical tools to prevent bullying and protect young lives.

It is extremely important that all these people work together and share information in order to co-ordinate support for the child or young person and their family.

The above said details are modified from
http://resources.collins.co.uk/freeIdentify the signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses
Children falling sick and catching illnesses from the school is a very common, hence as teachers and teaching assistant it is our responsibility to notice whether a child is unwell or not. There may a lot symptoms and behavioral pattern change when a child may fall sick. This can take place over a period of days you notice a child looks tired, lost his/her appetite, looks pale or has rash and mainly I child might not settle in that is either quiet or irritable.

Though as teachers we need to look out for these symptoms it is not our role to diagnose a child and jump into conclusions. it is our duty to inform the medical team {nursery nurse} in the school premises and inform the parents at all times. Children who are old enough to talk can describe how that feels but with children who are too young or communication difficulties will not be able to tell us the symptoms.
It is very important that a school maintains a record of each child’s medical history allergy information and also signed paper from the parent asking for consent whether a child can be given medications. So when a situation arises the nursery/school must look into all the information an then take the necessary steps. if a child is not to be given medicines as said by the parent in the consent form then until they get a consent by the parents through the phone in the presence of a nursery manager or any higher authority they are not supposed to be giving any medication to the child.

There are many common childhood illnesses that affect children especially younger children in a nursery that is because their immune is still building up. Though there are a lot of vaccines available these days to reduce the number of illnesses but still children are easily vulnerable to sickness. The below table shows the illnesses , signs and symptoms and the amount of time children must be excluded from school for their good and others:
Illnesses Signs & symptoms Number of days after which children are able to return to school.

Flu {high temperature} Headache body ache
Weakness If it is only high temperature and the child is fine after 24hrs then he/she can return but if it is flu or influenza then they come back only proper medical certificate and when he/she systems are recovered fully.

Whooping cough Mild coughingSneezing
Runny nose
Low feverdiarrhea21 days exclusion after symptoms are gone.

Measles
Fever ,runny nose ,cough,red brown spots on the body,grayish white spots on the mouth. Seven days after the appearance of rash.

Vomiting and diarrhea Diarrhea stomach pain
Vomiting dehydration. 24hrs after lat bowel movement.

Chicken pox Fever, itchy rash with blister like appearance. Seven days after onset of rash.

Tonsillitis Very sore throat , difficulty in swallowing,
Fever, pain in ears and neck. Return when the child is well.

Ring worm Ring like red rash ,scaly patches on scalp which may feel inflamed and tender May return to school when treatment has started.

Meningitis Fever severe headache, vomiting & muscle pain, fits, dislike of bright lights, neck stiffness. When symptoms completely fade away.

THE ABOVE DETAILS ARE ADAPTED FROM HEATH PROTECTION AGENCY
THE CONTENS ARE MODIFIED FROM THE SITE http://resources.collins.co.uk/free/Describe the actions to take when children or young people are ill or injured
All children and young people are easily prone to injuries as they are in their vulnerable age. And so all schools will have at least one first aider, it is important that in school or nursery all staffs must be aware of the first aider and the procedures to follow when a child is terminally ill or injured. Each school ahs its ow way of summoning urgent medical help in case of emergency. There can be intercom systems or a card system that is orange card and red card system.

MINOR INJURY:
Minor injuries are inevitable in any schools or nurseries even at home but there are certain ways to follow when it’s a school. All children may suffer minor cuts bruises which should be cleaned and taken care off. Any of these incidents must be noted and notified to the parents, all cuts and bruises must come into the attention of medical team in the school premises.

All incidents must be recorded in the accident report book, if a teacher has observed the incident then we must describe it and write down the action taken. The nursery manger or any other higher official in the school has to check them and sign the reports. Serious accidents have to be reported to the health and safety department by law. In the U.K. any 6 cases of illnesses will be treated as a outbreak.

In addition to these there some chronic heath conditions that can affect children. Some of them are,
Diabetics: when the body does not produce insulin diabetics happens to a person. Some children who have diabetics need to inject insulin pen during the school day and we need to be aware of the signs of hypoglycaemia {hunger, pale, fast pulse, drowsy} immediate help is needed if a child becomes hypoglycaemia.

Asthma: this is most common illness which affect the lungs. The common symptoms are wheezing and coughing, children normally carry an inhaler with them. Sometimes if it does not help with the inhaler it is vital to seek medical help.

Epilepsy: children with epilepsy may have attacks’ rarely but first aid must be given as soon as possible. As they recover from seizure we must comfort the child so that they can be comfortable .it it is more than one seizure or does not recover from the seizure medical help needs to be on time.

Eczema: Eczema is not contagious, so there’s no need to keep a baby or child who has it away from siblings, other kids, or anyone else. Children may appear to have a reddish brown rash mostly on the joints of hands and legs and might get itchy. It normally goes away when a child is 5 years of age.

Cystic fibrosis: it is respiratory condition where there is fluid in the lungs. It is a fatal illness.
All of the above details are modified from
http://resources.collins.co.uk/fre
Identify circumstances when children and young people might require urgent medical attention
As teachers or teaching assistant we must be in a position to deal with medical emergencies at all times. It is vital that we recognise the signs and situation when children need immediate help. Some of the situation which need immediate attention are:
Severe bleeding
Falls and choking
Unconsciousness
Breathing difficulties
Head injuries
Seizure
Suspected fractures if any
Disorientation
Even if we ourselves know how to practise first aid we must call up for help during an emergency like any fatal accidents. We must ascertain the situation and call the ambulance dialling 999. Actions to be taken while emergencies are:
Settle in the child
Do not move the child unless it is necessary
Put the child into recovery position
Do not try giving any fluids or solids
Keep the child warm depending on the situation
Ensure that furniture’s are moved away{especially if its fits and clear the area so other children do not get disturbed or harmed.

Under any circumstances informing the parents about the incident and reporting it n the report book by the teacher is very important.

Describe the actions to take in response to emergency situations, including Fires security incidents missing children or young people:
There are certain policies and procedures to be followed in response to emergency situations which every teaching staffs must be aware of such situations. Mostly all schools will have fire drills so that children and teachers will have knowledge about it.

Fire and other immediate emergencies:
The school/nursery needs to be evacuated fast in the vent of fire gas leak or bomb scare. Every school will have procedures how to deal with this situation. The procedures to follow must be displayed in every school which is,
How to move up the alarm in the event of fire bomb scare
How to deal quickly when a fire alarm is ON
The route which we must operate from each class/area to the designated assembly point.

Where the nearest assembly point is situated
mostly play ground
Registers must be available to make a list of so that we ensure all the children have been evacuated safely.

As the information of what to do when a fire occurs its very important about the information what not to do in case of a fire or other emergencies, such as,
To make sure that the children does not collect any personal belongings with them, like not allowing taking water bottle coats etc…

Not to enter the building until it is said to be safe by a designated person.

As teachers and all staffs of a educational institution it is important we know all the different routes of the area that we work in. Hence all schools/nurseries practise evacuation process time to time so that we get more confident and can ensure safety of all in a time of emergency.

Security:
In every school security is placed to minimise the risk to children. It is important that we know the security system to minimise the risks for children. Some of the security procedures are,
Signing in procedures’ when visiting a school
Colour coded visitor badges{yellow for parents blue for teachers red for non teaching staff}
Procedure for collecting young children{photos of people who come regularly can be given to the nursery so that the teacher can verify before sending the child}
Registration.

Cctv cameras can be kept in all common areas to ensure safety of children.

At all times if we feel there is any concerns to be reported then it must be done to the higher officials.

When children are missing:
Security systems must be in good place so that the risk of children going missing does not happen. It is important to keep a regular check on students from time to time. We must always accompany children to playground parks and even pools.

In an unlikely event of missing children we must,
Report to the teacher who is responsible for the child.

To check whether other students are present snd safe.

Checking all the areas of school and grounds&parks.

Informing Childs parents
Informing the police.

Describe the risks and possible consequences for children and young people using the internet, mobile phones and other technologies
Every child is to be protected and cared in the right way. Child abuse is harming a child intentionally or not, affecting him/her in a physical social or sexual way. Parents who have background of emotional deprivation, unaware of difference between discipline and abuse,treat children in a unfair way which isolates them from the community. Teenage or single parent also can harm their children because they lack experience in raising children. Emotional causes which are related the environment surround the child that is expectation from the child are inappropriate for their age.

Abuse has an impact in a child’s wellbeing; children with disabilities are more vulnerable to abuse. Abuse is a subject that makes everyone anxious and nervous, but as teachers we play an important role in the well-being and protection of children. There are many agencies and charitable institutions to protect children who are being abused.
Identify the characteristics of different types of child abuse:
There are many kinds of abuse that can happen to children but some main categories are,
Physical abuse
Emotional abuse
Sexual abuse
Neglect
There are chances of a child suffering more than one kind of abuse. For example sexual abuse and emotionak abuse takes place simultaneously.

Physical abuse takes place when a child is physically harmed or injured.Hitting kicking beating with objects burning scolding all include different types of abuse which is done physically.

Emotional abuse happens when a child is made to feel worthless by frightening him or expecting him to do things above his age.

Sexual abuse happens when a child is being forced to do inappropriate things in a sexual manner including oral and physical actions situations by others.physical contact includes acts of touching and penetration,non physical contact involves
making children look at pornographic images or videos or sexual acts.

Neglect can be classified when a child’s development has been compromised psychologically and developmentally. Neglect includes hunger, hygiene, tiredness, falling sick often, untreated heath problems.

The following is one of the most brutal form of child abuse that has happened in the country of INDIA very recently.

In early January, Asifa Bano, an 8-year-old girl in a purple dress, was grazing her horses in a meadow in Kashmir when a man beckoned her into a forest. She followed.

According to police, he grabbed her by the neck and forced her to take sleeping pills. With the help of a friend, they say, he dragged her to a nearby temple and locked her inside.

For the next three days, police say, the two men and at least one other raped her, again and again. Suspects told investigators that their motive had been to drive Asifa’s nomadic community out of the area. In the end, she was strangled, after one of the men allegedly insisted on raping her one last time.

Days later, Asifa’s crumpled body was found in the forest, in the same purple dress, now smeared with blood.

Eight men have been arrested in connection with the case, and several have confessed, according to police in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, where the killing took place. Two of the accused are police officers said to have accepted thousands of dollars to cover up the crime. One of the arrested suspects said he was 15, though police officers, based on a medical examination, believe he is at least 19.

The above said is adapted fromhttp://gulfnews.com/news/asia/india/asifa-bano-this-8-year-old-s-rape-and-murder-is-a-horror-story-beyond-sexual-violence-in-india-1.2204423
DESCRIBE THE RISKS AND POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE USING THE INTERNET MOBILE PHONES AND OTHER TECHNOLOGIES:

The possibility of abuse happening to a child or an adult is very likely high in today’s world. Now the risks of abuse in children have become more common due to the presence of virtual world. There are different types of technology being introduced to children. Children can use the Internet through phones tabs or laptops through the help of networks available.

It is impossible and unreasonable to suggest that children should stop using the internet. The use of these hence helps them to learn and support in their education, and so children must be taught about the ill effects of internet.

The risk of emotional and sexual abuse is very high while using the internet. Children have the risk of to sharing their personal information and photos with unknown people.another major reason is when children accidently search innocent words in the search engine and inappropriate contents show up.

Another major risk factor is the social networking sites where children place information about themselves with photographs like a older person.though many of these sites need to 18 years of age many of them gives false information.

The main risk factor is that inappropriate or pornographic information may pop up while using search engine. All schools must place fire walls so that this cannot happen. Even at home parents have to monitor the Childs activity in the internet continuously. So it is always better that children are known about the risks factors of internet. All schools must have a policy of e-safety.

Describe actions to take in response to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been abused, harmed (including self harm) or bullied, or may be at risk of harm, abuse or bullying
As teachers it is very important that we build relationship with our students. Children spend almost half their working hours in school and so the schools play a vital role in looking after children.
children who are living in abusive situations are in a constant state of depression and fear. These children may have difficulty in talking to anyone else about it. The details can be distressing to hear, and knowing how to respond to a disclosure is an important part of professional practice.

The act of a child or young person suggesting that he or she has been abused, harmed or bullied is called disclosure.

Some of our ways to tackle this situation can be:
Acceptance of the Childs or young person’s words is very important and do not rush them.
Calm them and tell them that they have done the right thing by expressing themselves.
Never swear to secrecy over the matter to them.

Be a good listener never express shock or disbelief.

Never question a child regarding the matter as they may show withdrawal.

Follow the procedure which is normally telling your manager in the first instance, and you may be required to record the incident.

SELF HARM:
Self harm can be classified as an act of knowingly hurting themselves. It is normally in the form of cutting, burning, pulling out their hair or banging their head. Self harm can arise when a child is experiencing abuse or neglect. So it is important that we know whether a child is being harmed by another person.

Young children tend to fall frequently it doesn’t mean that they are abused. Many smaller children may have blue marks behind their body but they are birthmarks, so it is essential that we stay cautious and report if there are any concerns.

BULLYING:
This is very serious issue and need constant monitoring of the situation. It can create distress for the victim and have serious consequences. Emotional bullying is one of the kinds of bullying and has serious impact on children and young people. Bullying is done mostly by a group of people or individual also,
Name calling is a common term in the form of bullying which can affect a person emotionally, taking and hiding a person’s personal item spreading rumors teasing..

Kicking hitting threatening is physical form of belying.

Racism over gender ,caste
Sexual such as inappropriate touch, comments.

On this note I would like to add about cyber bullying, which is very common nowadays. Studies conclude one in five children experience cyber bullying. This can be emotional sexual and racist also. Sharing of private photographs in social networking sites is a way of cyber bullying. This type of bullying can be distressing for children.
Describe the actions to take in response to concerns that a colleague may be:
failing to comply with safeguarding procedures
harming, abusing or bullying a child or young person
All institutions that work with children have an responsibility to recruit staff who are suitable to work with children. When we first start working with children it is essential that we complete a police clearance and medical clearance .there are any many agencies like DBS and ofsted who deal with clearance of people who start to work with children.

All staff have the duty to look after children teach them and nature them for a fruitful life. Failure to comply any of these will put the child at risk of harm or abuse. So always if there is a concern regarding about the nature of behaviour of a fellow employee then it’s essential that we report this to the head of the nursery/school, this process is called as WHISTLEBLOWING.
If you have colleague that is abusing or being harsh on a child the same procedures are to be followed as of a parent/guardian. If the allegation is about the manager then we should be reporting it to the education authority directly.

This is a very difficult situation and we should be dealing it with most confidentiality. But keep in mind that the welfare of the children is most important for all of us.

Describe the principles and boundaries of confidentiality, and when to share information.

Confidentiality is essential at all workplace, and the same rules apply for a nursery/school whether you are an staff or volunteer. We might sensitive information about the child like medical condition developmental delays or even special needs. This should never be a topic of discussion in the staffroom or other parents.

As teachers parents inform us sensitive information so it is essential that we tell them that we need to share it with the manager. Only when we feel a child is at risk or harm we can pass on such information. But the information should be passes on to people whom should need to know only. Sometimes failure to share information can lead to serious child abuse cases. So a problem should be identified early and actions must be taken. But I would like to add it is always better to ask for advice before sharing any confidentiality.
In the present world all the information regarding the child is kept on the computer so it is better that we put a password protection for it so that there is no one going to access the child’s information.

Bibliography
http://resources.collins.co.uk/free/https://www.safeguardinginschools.co.uk/working-together-to-safeguard-children-2015http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/india/asifa-bano-this-8-year-old-s-rape-and-murder-is-a-horror-story-beyond-sexual-violence-in-india-1.2204423