Acknowledgement accepted my request and gave me approval

Acknowledgement All thanks and compliments are for the ALLAH, who gives guidance and wisdom to me to complete every work. I am very thankful to my all supervisors i.e. Engr. Asmat , who guide me and help me in understanding the complete process and are available every time to sort out my any query.

I am also grateful to all the employees of the Sachin Sports Industries who guided me throughout the course of my internship. I would like to say thanks to my Mechanical Engineering and Technology Department that they accepted my request and gave me approval to do internship at Sachin Sports Industries. Chand KumarAbstract… Within my educational program at the “University of Gujrat”, I was given the opportunity to complete my internship in the Sachin Sports Industries and gather besides practical experience in the department of Manufacturing and in design and development department. Many valuable skills and practical knowledge was gained during internship duration. Throughout internship many assignments were assigned to me by my supervisor in order to implement my theoretical knowledge into practical field such as Study of Milling machine, we go through the industry, observed the different projects, draw the part program file. Deign the parts and work on them with assistance of Engineers. In three weeks industrial training the course of action adopted to complete these activities was to first understand the assignment on hand then understanding the purpose of the assignment then knowing how to do the required task in most efficient way.

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These activities were done according to the requirements of the supervisor and if there were any problems in doing the task then I contact the supervisor to help me in that assignment. After completing the required task the findings were presented to the supervisor for its evaluation. I spent most of the time in field to observe the Machines, designing the part file and Quality inspection processTable of contents 1 .Overview and introduction of the industry o Introduction o Mission o Vision o Our strength chart of organization o policy of the organization 2. Organizational structure o Organization Hierarchy chart o Comments on the organizational structure o Number of employs 3.

Introduction of departments 4. Introduction of Composite/Compositions 5. Raw Material 6. Production Packing Process 7. Chemical Consumption1.

Introduction of Organization Sachin Sports is at the forefront of Composite Sports Goods manufacturing representing Sports collections for both men and women. With just over a decade since its establishment, Sachin Sports Industries stands apart as the first choice for global sourcing in the highly competitive arena of Sports Products manufacturing. Through sheer determination & hard work Sachin Sports has attained a perfect combination of quality materials, superior craftsmanship, and extremely affordable costs that gives Opportunity to marketing Department a decisive edge in product variety, pricing – and bottom-line profitability.

Under the Autocratic leadership of our Chairman & CEO, Mr. Rattan Lal, and Sachin Sports is today Pakistan’s leading Composite company. Since 1998 for being the largest exporter of finished Composite Hockey Sticks, Paddle Rackets, Beach Tennis Rackets to Europe ; the United States.

1. Mission To continuously develop our technical expertise on the basis of technology, customer feedback, and quality workforce. To form strategic ventures within the industry, and to fulfill our social, ethical and industrial obligations in the most effective manner. 2. Vision To be a valued brand name associated with the manufacturing of quality sport goods. And to be recognized as a reliable global institute with strong logistics and intricate customer relationships. 3.

Our strength Experienced and skilled workforce working with us since our inception. Complete in house production process. Use of latest manufacturing processes and machines. Implementation of latest ERP systems and manufacturing technologies. International joint ventures in United Kingdom, Spain, India, New Zealand, North America, Oman, Czech Republic, (Canada ; USA).

A sense of morality, hard work and honesty in all our work and dealings Our emphasis on continuous innovationPolicy of the organization 1) Shipping Policy: All shipments are shipped to destination on FOB Pakistan or to collect basis prices. In case of shipment based on FOB, the freight charges can be adjusted in the invoice separately either it requires per air /sea freight through air/sea lines or through couriers such as FedEx, DHL, UPS, Data Post (EMS, SAL and AIR) etc. or any other courier as per customer’s demands. Claims & Return Policy: 1. Check your goods immediately upon receipt. No refund after 30 days shall be paid. 2.

There will be a 25% re-stocking, handling and inspection charges on all returns. 3. No merchandize will be accepted as return without Return Goods Authorization number (RGA#). When asking for RGA#, we must have our invoice number, date and reasons for the return. Any merchandize returned without approval will be subject to an automatic re-stocking fee with a minimum of 50% charges.

4. Merchandize returned must be unused and in their original packages and transportation to us must be prepaid. 5. Customer shall be responsible for freight charges on Merchandize exchanges. 6. For the damage product, customer returned, unsold/over-stock or discontinued merchandize, a re-stocking and inspection charges will be evaluated after examining the condition of goods. Branding and Barcode Labeling: a.

All instruments are stamped with words “Stainless”, “Germany”, “Pakistan”, CE Mark with GMC Brand, if require. Customer’s own brand or any other stamp can also be etched and Barcode Labeling can be done on demand. b. All stamps shall be marked on free of cost. c. Special items can also be supplied if sketch, drawing or samples are provided to us or refer any reference from any reputed catalogue for our guidance.ORGANIZATION CHART SUPERVISOR Engr.

Asmat MANAGER Ashok Kumar DESIGNOR Rehman Khan INSPECTION ; QUALITY Adnan Ahmed MACHINE SHOP Muhammad Asif CEO Rattan LalComments on the organization structure Sachin Sports Industries famous in these days more ; more and quality of product Advantages • Have good skilled workers and good environment. • Have quality precise. • Layout is designed very smoothly. Disadvantages • Very short resources. • Safety rules are not applied.

• Some new machine. MAN POWER Management 2 Executive 4 Super visor staff 3 Workers 20 Total staff 29Introduction of departments Managing Department Deals with the workers with the management to the financial, health, production wages and policy meters Power Unit Supply the all power to the factory emergency power and GEPCO. Production department Prepare the instruments after forging to the polishing and finishing.

Consist of many processes to develop the instruments in required type shape and dimensions Etching and marking Brand and mark by laser marking on the finished ready instruments Color Coating Some instruments supply in the variety of colors as per customer demands by color coating plant E marketing Online marketing with IT to the international customers Quality Control Deals and inspect with the quality requirements, process, method, products with international standards Outside forging From forging vendors. They give the exact dimensional forge instrument Export Department Ensure the products keep in packing and deal all legal export documentation and parcels. Store/ stock Finished instrument in packing condition keeps in this department for urgent queries to serve the customer on time,Products: Manufacturer and Exporter of – High Quality Composite Hockey Sticks, Paddle Rackets and Beach Tennis Rackets by 100% Woven Glass Fiber and Carbon Fiber Clothes. Composite Field Hockey Sticks Paddle RacketsPlant Layout: Plant layout implies the physical arrangement of machines, equipment and other industry facilities on the floor of factory in such manner that they may be handled efficiently and effectively.

The plant layout of this industry is so scientifically designed that it has the following characteristics. 1. Economic in material, handling from various process and easy handling of semi-finished and finished goods. 2. Proper and efficient utilization of available floor space. 3. Provision of better supervision and control of operation.

4. To provide adequate safety to the workers from accident. 5.

To suggest improvement in the production and work methods. 6. Benefits to the workers: a) Lesser number of operation and material handling. b) More labor productivity. c) More safety and security.

d) Better working condition and resulting in improved efficiency. 7. Production control and supervision. a) Better and convenient facility. b) Result in less inspection activities. c) Cost and efforts in the supervision of the production process are minimized. Objective: • To study the process of the leather production.

• The key challenges faced by the organization. • Suggestion and remedies to solve the problem. Introduction of Composite Composite materials are made from the combination of two or more different materials on a macroscopic scale to form a material capable of sustaining loads. It should be noted that the products of microscopic mixing of materials, such as alloying, do not belong to the class of composite materials.

Composite materials can be identified to belong to three different categories: 1. Fibrous composites 2. Laminated composites 3. Particulate compositesFibrous composites These composites are made from a matrix material that holds fibers of a different material. Fibers have higher stiffness and strength than a bulk object made of the same material because internal defects and dislocations are fewer. The material is thus “more perfect” and hence can sustain higher stresses. Some materials are made of whiskers instead of fibers which have even higher properties; however whiskers can cause pneumonic health issues.

Raw Material: Fiber Reinforced Composite Rackets Produced at Sachin use high Modulus Carbon Fiber Procured from Toho Texan Japan in Conjunction with Two Component Resin System from Huntsman. Composite Paddle Rackets are fabricated using both tubular braided fibers as well as resin reinforced fiber and glass roving. The Material Selection is depended upon desired mechanical characteristics from the final product. Racket Fabrication is done thorough the induction of heat air pressure is used to insure extremely high compression allowing formation and consistent wall thickness of the frame.

These Raw Materials are Mandatory for the Production in Composite. • Raw Carbon Fiber • Woven Roving Glass Fiber • Epoxy Resins • Composite Paints/ FillersProcess of Composite Sports Products Composite Fabrication/ Prepare Lying: Prepare Molding Description Fabrics and fibers are pre-impregnated by the materials manufacturer, under heat and pressure or with solvent, with a pre-catalyzed resin. The catalyst is largely latent at ambient temperatures giving the materials several weeks, or sometimes months, of useful life when defrosted. However to prolong storage life the materials are stored frozen.

The resin is usually a near-solid at ambient temperatures, and so the pre-impregnated materials (prepress) have a light sticky feel to them, such as that of adhesive tape. Unidirectional materials take fiber direct from a creel, and are held together by the resin alone. The prepress are laid up by hand or machine onto a mould surface, vacuum bagged and then heated to typically 120-180°C. This allows the resin to initially reflow and eventually to cure. Additional pressure for the molding is usually provided by an autoclave (effectively a pressurized oven) which can apply up to 5 atmospheres to the laminate.

Materials Options: Resins: Generally epoxy, polyester, phenol and high temperature resins such as polyamides, cyan ate esters and bismaleimides. Fibers: Any. Used either direct from a creel or as any type of fabric. Cores: Any, although special types of foam need to be used due to the elevated temperatures involved in the process.Main Advantages: i) Resin/catalyst levels and the resin content in the fiber are accurately set by the materials manufacturer. High fiber contents can be safely achieved.

ii) The materials have excellent health and safety characteristics and are clean to work with. iii) Fiber cost is minimized in unidirectional tapes since there is no secondary process to convert fiber into fabric prior to use. iv) Resin chemistry can be optimized for mechanical and thermal performance, with the high viscosity resins being impregnable due to the manufacturing process. v) The extended working times (of up to several months at room temperatures) means that structurally optimized, complex lay-ups can be readily achieved. vi) Potential for automation and labor saving.

Main Disadvantages: i) Materials cost is higher for preimpregnated fabrics. ii) Autoclaves are usually required to cure the component. These are expensive, slow to operate and limited in size. iii) Tooling needs to be able to withstand the process temperatures involved iv) Core materials need to be able to withstand the process temperatures and pressures. Typical Applications: Aircraft structural components (e.g.

wings and tail sections), F1 racing cars, sporting goods such as tennis racquets and skis.Molding: Heat Control Press Machines Metal Molds Primer Paint Surface Primer is a paint product that allows finishing paint to adhere much better than if it was used alone. For this purpose, primer is designed to adhere to surfaces and to form a binding layer that is better prepared to receive the paint.

Because primers do not need to be engineered to form a durable finished surface, they can instead be engineered to have improved filling and binding properties with the material underneath. Sometimes this is achieved by chemistry, as in the case of aluminum primer, but more often this is achieved through controlling the primer’s physical properties, such as porosity, tackiness, and hygroscope In practice primer is often used when painting many kinds of porous materials, such as concrete and especially wood (see detailed description below). Priming is mandatory if the material is not water resistant and will be exposed to the elements. Priming gypsum board (drywall) is also standard practice with new construction because it seals the wall and aids in preventing mold. Primers can alsobe used for dirty surfaces which cannot be cleaned, or before painting light colors over existing dark colors.

Primers can usually be tinted to a close match with the color of the finishing paint. If the finishing paint is a deep color, tinting the primer can reduce the number of layers of finishing paint that are necessary for good uniformity across the painted surface. Primers are also used to hide joints and seams to give a finishing look. There may be a maximum time-frame within which a topcoat should be applied over the primer after the primer dries, in order to achieve maximum performance. Depending on the primer, the next coat of paint should be applied as quickly as 24 hours or as long as two weeks.

Painting after the suggested time-frame may cause performance issues depending on the specific situation. Painters often apply the finish coat of paint before the primer fully cures in order to increase adhesion of the topcoat to the primer. If top coating is applied after the suggested time frame, consider using a “self priming” topcoat. For definitive answers on recommended repainting time-frame, check the primer label/website, or contact the manufacturer directly. Recoat time-frame is most likely a more critical factor in exterior application because of the more extreme climatic exposure. Pre Paint Surface Preparation Before prepping a room for painting, protect the furniture and flooring against splattering paint or accidents. A good idea is to remove furniture from the room altogether, if possible.

Remember to wear safety goggles and older clothes in case the paint splatters. Dust and clean the walls. For most surfaces, use a towel or a vacuum cleaner. When painting a bathroom or kitchen, wash the walls with a solution of approximately three teaspoons of laundry detergent to one gallon of water. Scrape any cracked or flaking paint with a paint scraper.

For other small imperfections on the wall such as plaster bumps, smooth them away with sandpaper. Use muscle power with a piece of sandpaper stapled to a sanding block, or use an electric sander. Materials to have on hand when getting ready to paint: primer, paint-can opener, stir sticks, roller covers (close nap on a rolling cage, large nap without rolling cage), paintbrushes (one for latex paint and one for oil-based paint), paint tray, gloves, drop cloth and an extension pole for the roller. A high-quality primer will help to hide any small imperfections on walls.

Use a good water-based primer on new drywall. Choose an oil-based primer for walls that have heavy stains from water or smoke damage, or if the wall has paneling. Before painting, protect wall sconces and wall trim with painters tape. Start in the corners of the wall and up near the ceiling, “cutting in” the paint with an angle brush.

With a small brush, apply the paint around trim and in the corners of walls where your larger brush can’t reach. A great tip is to do a “W” pattern to paint walls. Start in the corner of a wall and roll on a 3′ by 3′ “W”; then fill it in without lifting the roller. Repeat until the section is finished. This helps hide seams and any places where the roller has been lifted and put back on the wall again. The best way to choose a color is to try it out first. You can never make a good decision based on looking at the color swatch in the store.

Take it home and tape it to the wall to see how it works within the space and with your room’s lighting. The swatches don’t always reveal the actual color when it dries. You can test a few colors of paint on a spare piece of wood and place it against the wall.Multi Color Decal Screen Printing Our Products are printed by the Semi Automatic Machines, Which is commanded by the computers. These Machines can make 800 Decal per Hour. Packing and Inspection After complete of measurement the packing department start working. The skin is pack with folds of plastics.

The measurement slip kept inside the packing. The packing department head will take care of all the skin which is ready to dispatch. Based on delivery time packing department will issue the packing. The department supervisor will allocate a separate code for each bundle. The code contains product description.

These codes will be used to manage the packing bundles. During the dispatch of packing bundles code will be check. Delivered through by trucks.7. Chemical Consumption: Consumption pattern of chemicals in leather processing industry.

SR# Chemical In Kg per ton of hide/ process 1 Epoxy Resin 0.06-0.08 2 Preservative 2-3 3 Hardener 0.03-0.05 4 MEK 01-05 5 Zillion 0.5-0.

75 6 PU Lacquer 0-1 7 Butyl Acetate 12-20 8 Inks 5-12.5CONCLUSIONS It was a wonderful and learning experience for me while doing this internship. It gave me a real insight into the field of mechanical technology. It was a rare opportunity for me to learn and understand various aspects of an industrial organization.

This internship enabled me to put my theoretical knowledge into practice. Right now in my opinion things are going quite smooth in the production and quality section of this organization. There is always a room for improvement in every field so it is expected that the system would improve itself more and more over the course of time.

The efficiency of production is quite good. The supervising staff is very alert, smart and well capable of coping with the industrial challenges. The internship also gave me an idea of “How to learn as a technology student.

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