According to a report dating from 2017 McKinsey reports automation will cut 400 to 800 million jobs by 2030, And 375 million workers will have to retrain.
There is no doubt that technological change is significantly improving the lives of consumers. For businesses, certain activities that required many hours of work can be performed more accurately and in a shorter time by relying on these new technologies. In order to assess the impact of automation on professional activities, McKinsey & Company has just released the conclusions of its second report after the one published earlier this year on automation and its impact on work activities. . In this second report, the consulting firm is more specific about the jobs that could be created, replaced or lost as a result of the development of artificial intelligence and robotics.
After analyzing the data collected in 46 countries and affecting more than 800 professions, the research firm estimates that by 2030, between 400 and 800 million jobs will be automated. The jobs that will be most at risk from automation will be physical work in predictable environments, such as using machines or preparing in fast food restaurants such as fast foods. Data collection and processing will also be affected by this problem, with implications for mortgage lending, paralegals and administrative services.
In some developed countries, such as the United States, these changes in the labor force will be much greater because the costs of installing automated systems are much more accessible. In developing countries and more particularly in India, this automation should be less pronounced in the professional sector where the relative cost of these new technologies is much higher and the labor force much cheaper. More specifically, McKinsey & Company reports that 9% of work in India, 13% in Mexico and 16% in China will be automated by 2030. In the United States, Japan and Germany, this figure will approach 25% .